Color Imaging team
  Image group
  CRIStAL laboratory

CFA image analysis

 

Context:

The Color Imaging team designs automatic analysis of Color Filter Array images acquired by cameras equipped with one single sensor that is sensitive to the incident light in the visible and near infra-red spectral domains. Although three-sensor technology provides high-quality full-color images, the manufacturing costs of the sensors  and of the optical device are high. As a consequence, cameras fitted with such sensors have not yet been affordable to everyone, nor widely distributed. Due to these cost constraints, most color cameras are equipped with a single sensor, which also allows for an increased spatial resolution at given cost in comparison with three-sensor cameras. The surface of this single sensor is covered by a color filter array (CFA), which consists of an array of spectrally selective filters. Each photosite is then made mainly sensitive to a given wavelength band corresponding to a single color component. The Bayer filter array is the most widely used one; it provides a CFA image in which each pixel is characterized by only one among the three color components. The levels of the missing two color components must be determined to estimate the color of each pixel. This process is commonly referred to as CFA demosaicing; its result is the demosaiced color image, in which each pixel is characterized by an estimated color. Demosaicing is either achieved by an electronic device inside the camera itself, or by an external software that processes the CFA image delivered by the camera as a raw image file.

Problem: Color images are multi-dimensional data, so without any order relationship.

What are our contributions?

Problem: CFA Images are scalar data but organized according to the Bayer CFA lattice.

What are our contributions?